Capital Gains Tax changes from 6 April 2020
UK resident taxpayers who sell UK residential property from 6 April 2020 are now faced with new filing and payment obligations. The new legislation set by the Government applies to individuals and trusts but does not yet apply to companies.
Disposals before 6 April 2020 – UK residents individuals and trusts
Capital gains incurred before 6 April 2020 that result in a taxable gain are currently reported on a UK self-assessment tax return. The deadline for reporting any gains and paying any tax due on the gain is due by 31 January following the year of disposal.
An example: A capital gain arose on 4 April 2020, which happened before the end of the tax year for 5 April 2020. As a result, the gain would be assessed on a UK self-assessment tax return for the tax year ended 5 April 2020. The gain will be payable on or before 31 January 2021. Please note, if the taxpayer is not yet within self-assessment, they would be required to register by 6 October 2020.
Disposals after 6 April 2020 – UK residents individuals and trusts
Capital gains incurred after 6 April 2020 that results in a taxable gain are now obligated to report under the new legislations. A UK land return will need to be completed and submitted within 30 days of the completion date of the disposal along with the payment of estimated tax. In the cases of joint ownership, each owner is required to submit a separate UK land tax return and pay the estimated tax based on their share of the disposal.
Please note, the payment of tax is an estimate at the time of the gain and could change should the individual fall into a different tax band. 18% tax is payable for basic rate taxpayers and 28% tax applies for higher rate taxpayers.
Failure to file within 30 days of completion, will result in penalties.
The payment of the estimated capital gains tax will be treated as a payment on account until processed on the UK self-assessment tax return. The individual/trusts income tax liability and capital gains tax liability for that tax year which the gain falls into will therefore be reassessed on the UK self-assessment tax return. As a result, a refund or additional tax maybe payable with interest being charged/accrued at HMRC’s standard rates set.
An example: A gain made on 7 April 2020, would need to be reported within 30 days (6 May 2020). An estimation of tax will therefore be due to be paid by 6 May 2020 too. When completing the UK self-assessment return, which will be due by 31 January 2021, the capital gains working will therefore be included. At this point the individuals/trust income and capital gains tax position will be reassessed. Should any further tax be payable or refund due it will be calculated at this point taking into account the POA made. Any additional tax due will be required to be settled by 31 January 2021. Again, if the UK taxpayer is not yet within self-assessment, they would be required to register by 6 October 2020.
Exemptions from completing a UK land tax return
- Where the capital gain is covered by the principal private residence relief, as this was the main residence throughout the durations of the property ownership
- A loss arises on the sale of the property
- The gain is covered by losses brought forward from other disposals
- The gain is covered by the annual exemption amount (2020: £12,300)
The new obligations are aimed at UK let properties; second/holiday homes not covered by PPR. If the property is not residential or situated outside the UK, a UK land tax return is not required on the disposal of the property.
Non-UK Residents – Individuals and trusts
Non-UK residents have been required to file returns within 30 days of completion of a UK property disposal since 6 April 2019. Please note this applies to residential and non-residential properties and fewer exceptions exist.
How to file
For non-residents capital gains tax, returns are submitted through the HMRC website.
For UK individuals and trusts, HMRC are currently working on a similar process through the HMRC website for the UK land return
- £100 late filing penalty issued for late filing immediately
- If the return is over 6 months late, higher or £300 or 5% of the tax due is payable
- If more than 12 months late, a further penalty of either the higher of £300 or 5% of the tax due is payable
- £10 daily penalties will be given for up to 90days between 3 and 6 months of the filing date
COVID-19 – Update
For many people, Capital gains tax arising on the disposal of a property will mean that they will receive a substantial amount of money in which they are able to pay the tax. The Government has said that some may experience difficulty and HMRC will take a more flexible approach on a case by case basis should a request for time to pay is made. This will include situations such as a gifted property where there are no physical proceeds or where the vendor has had to reinvest the money into their business due to the Covid-19 crisis.
HMRC have also stated transactions between 6 April 2020 and 30 June 2020, reported up to the 31 July 2020 there will be no late filing penalties issued.
Changes to reliefs when selling a UK property
From 6 April 2020, it has been announced that lettings relief will be abolished.
Private residence relief
From 6 April 2020, it has been announced that the private residence relief that applies for the last 18months is now being reduced to 9 months.